Plants are shrub like erect annuals baring varicolored pink to white tube shaped flower over a long period.
Upon ripening the seed capsules split, releasing their seed , hence the phrase ‘open sesame’.
Sesame prefers areas with a long hot summer. It is drought tolerant once established.
Plant seed directly into rows in the ground in weed free beds in late Spring at least one full month after any danger of frost is past, when night time temperates are above 15 degrees C and soil is at least 21 degrees C.
During the growing season ensure that weeds are controlled well and keep well watered but not waterlogged.
Sesame is slow growing and is harvested around 90 to 150 days after planting. When seed pods split open, collect the dry brown pods before wind disperses the seeds.
Store in a dry cool place. Will last up to 5 years in good conditions.
Sesame is used in baking, cooking and oil production.
Seeds can be used as they are from the plant or hulled using mechanical or water techniques.
Sesame seed can give an aromatic lift to pastries, stir fry and salads.